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Frequently Asked Questions

Try to learn as much as possible about the condition and begin the process of elimination. Not all treatments work for all children. Some treatments may help a large percentage of children and in some cases several different treatments may be required.

One place to learn more is at www.webed.com. This is a website that features a variety of courses on autism. For all the educators that take the course the Webed people donate money to the Doug Flutie Foundation for autism. Parents of autistic children can register and take the courses for free.

What is ABA?

ABA is Applied Behavioral Analysis. It is a methodology that uses aspects of positive reinforcement, intensive one on one therapy and using Discrete Trial Instruction (DTI). Our sister organization MFEAT (Manitoba Feat) has an extensive definition ABA and certain standards that should be met.

What is DTI?

DTI is Discrete Trial Instruction. This is a specific type of teaching that maximizes learning. It can be used to develop most skills, including cognitive, communication, play, social and self-help skills. It is useful in all ages and populations. Basically DTI involves breaking a particular skill into small parts, teaching each sub-skill one at a time until mastered. Allowing repeated practice in a concentrated time period using prompts and fades as needed. Positive reinforcement of a job well done is provided to give the child an extra stimulus to do the task. A very small unit of information is presented and the student's response is immediately sought. The student must be active and engaged during learning.

What is PECS?

PECS is Picture Exchange Communication System. It was developed in Delaware as a means of communications with autistic individuals or others with communication problems. It begins with teaching a student to exchange a picture of a desired item with a teacher or aide who immediately honor the request. It may involve two workers initially, one in front of the child and one behind. The one behind (the shadow) helps the child pass the picture to the other aide. Usually it starts with a food item, such as a cookie. The shadow, using the child's arm passes the picture of the cookie to the aide and says "Cookie". The aide immediately passes the cookie to the child. Snack time is an excellent time to initiate PECS. Over time the shadow is faded out and the picture changes to different items. Check the web site www.pecs.com for more information. Most schools already use PECS and social stories. The Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD) under special topics, under visual supports shows how to set up schedules, choice boards and calendars. Click here. Another site lists PECS cards and shows how to set up schedules and social stories as well.

What are social stories?

Social stories are a series of PECS cards designed to explain a particular task. For example a bathroom procedure of brushing teeth. Turn on tap. Wet toothbrush. Apply toothpaste. Brush all teeth. Rinse mouth. Turn off tap. Put brush away. Wipe face.

What about food allergies or intolerance's?

One of the best sources of information is located on a web site nicknamed ANDI or www.autismndi.com. Two parent researchers Karyn Seroussi and Lisa Lewis originally set it up. They have large amounts of information on gluten and casein free diets. Everything from special recipe's to family support information.

Money?

Everything costs. MFEAT has an article about the taxman and how to deduct. Some companies pay for speech-language, some for occupational therapy. Microsoft in the states pays for ABA therapists. Check with your insurance carrier and your accountant.

More FAQ's

Check here, this is a site set up by John Wobus and has a deluxe set of FAQ's.

Box 483
Shaunavon, SK.
S0N 2M0
saskfeat@sasktel.net